In previous resources, you've used probability to describe the likelihood of events occurring. You’ve also used probability to calculate the likelihood of two consecutive events occurring.

Probability is formally defined as the ratio of the number of desired outcomes (what you want to happen) to the number of total possible outcomes (what could possibly happen). Probability is a ratio, so it can be expressed as a fraction, a decimal, or a percent.

We can represent the probability of an event using the notation below.

*P*(event)

For example, out of a dozen cookies, there are 9 chocolate chip cookies and 3 sugar cookies. The probability of randomly choosing a chocolate chip cookie from the cookie jar is $\frac{9}{12}$. Since this is only one event occurring, this is called a simple event.

Using probability notation, this would be written as follows.

*P*(chocolate chip) = $\frac{9}{12}$

Probabilities are ratios, so they can be expressed as fractions, decimals, or percents.

*P*(chocolate chip) = $\frac{9}{12}$

*P*(chocolate chip) = 0.75

*P*(chocolate chip) = 75%

Suppose that someone selects more than one cookie from the cookie jar without looking. What is the probability that these cookies will all be chocolate chip cookies? In this resource, you will investigate different ways to answer that question.