Texas educators must provide intensive and ongoing foundational second language acquisition instruction to beginning and intermediate ELLs in grades 3 or higher in order to support content-based instruction and the accelerated learning of English.
Second language acquisition is a process of learning a second language or target language, and it is an interdependent process.
Second language acquisition depends on
- a progression of skills in the four language domains;
- the receptive skills necessary for comprehension and attainment of language;
- the expressive skills needed to express and share ideas; and
- instructional tasks that implement a multitude of learning interactions that promote the development of receptive and expressive skills simultaneously.
The foundation of the English language is necessary for ELLs' development and attainment of TEKS-based content. It's important to understand students' language proficiency levels to linguistically accommodate academic and essential vocabulary, allow students to practice oral and written forms of grammar and syntax during cooperative and independent tasks, provide students with a linguistic platform to build on in order to advance to the next proficiency level, and include elements of the four language domains during content-based instruction.
The beginning and intermediate level of English language proficiency in ELLs require focused, targeted, and systematic second language acquisition instruction to provide them with the foundation of English language vocabulary, grammar, syntax, and English mechanics necessary to support content-based instruction and accelerated learning of English.