###
Domain and Range: Numerical Representations

Given a function in the form of a table, mapping diagram, and/or set of ordered pairs, the student will identify the domain and range using set notation, interval notation, or a verbal description as appropriate.

###
Transformations of Square Root and Rational Functions

Given a square root function or a rational function, the student will determine the effect on the graph when f(x) is replaced by af(x), f(x) + d, f(bx), and f(x - c) for specific positive and negative values.

###
Transformations of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Given an exponential or logarithmic function, the student will describe the effects of parameter changes.

###
Solving Square Root Equations Using Tables and Graphs

Given a square root equation, the student will solve the equation using tables or graphs - connecting the two methods of solution.

###
Functions and their Inverses

Given a functional relationship in a variety of representations (table, graph, mapping diagram, equation, or verbal form), the student will determine the inverse of the function.

###
Rational Functions: Predicting the Effects of Parameter Changes

Given parameter changes for rational functions, students will be able to predict the resulting changes on important attributes of the function, including domain and range and asymptotic behavior.

###
Cell Comparisons

Learners compare a variety of prokaryotes and eukaryotes to determine similarities and differences among and between them.

###
Protein Synthesis

The learner explores the structure and function of the nucleic acids and enzymes important to the process of synthesizing proteins.

###
Transformations of Absolute Value Functions

Given an absolute value function, the student will analyze the effect on the graph when f(x) is replaced by af(x), f(bx), f(x – c), and f(x) + d for specific positive and negative real values.

###
Cell Specialization and Differentiation

Given examples, descriptions, and illustrations, students will be able to describe the role of DNA, RNA, and environmental factors in cell differentiation.

###
Survival of a Species

Given scenarios, illustrations or descriptions, the student will describe how long-term survival of species is dependent on changing resource bases that are limited.

###
Taxonomy Standards

Given examples, students will recognize the importance of taxonomy to the scientific community.

###
Taxonomy: Major Groups

Given illustrations or descriptions, students will determine the classification of organisms into domains and kingdoms.

###
Homeostasis: Ecological Systems

Given images, videos, or scenarios, identify and describe the responses of organisms, populations, and communities to various changes in their external environment.

###
Biological Systems: Homeostasis

Identify and describe internal feedback mechanisms involved in maintaining homeostasis given scenarios, illustrations, or descriptions.

###
Relationships Between Organisms: Food Chains, Webs, and Pyramids

Given illustrations, students will analyze the flow of matter and energy in food chains, food webs, and ecological pyramids.

###
Organisms' Adaptations

Given scenarios, illustrations. or descriptions, the student will compare variations and adaptations of organisms in different ecosystems.

###
Homeostasis—Succession

Given scenarios, illustrations, or descriptions, the student will identify the process of ecological succession and the impact that succession has on populations and species diversity.

###
Equipment for Biology

Given investigation scenarios, students will determine the equipment that best fits the procedure.

###
Cell Processes: Fermentation

Given descriptions or illustrations, students will identify where fermentation occurs and the results of fermentation.