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Solving Equations and Inequalities
Students will be divided into four groups and work on their assigned task to become an expert. They will match vocabulary terms with definitions and examples, use the “Pass the Pen” strategy to create and solve equations or inequalities, or write a real-world problem for an equation given. The experts will then teach these concepts to their peers.
To learn the pattern of the side lengths of a 45-45-90 triangle, students complete a gallery walk, a card sort activity starting with using the Pythagorean theorem, and activity to locate if there is an error in a presented problem and if so to identify what the error is.
Perfectly Proportional Percents
Students will collaborate to explain verbally how to solve percent proportions and scaling while showing their thinking.
Students determine which expression is a truth or a lie by generating equivalent expressions.
Keep Your Balance!
Students are introduced to solving one-variable, one-step equations using addition and subtraction through models and hands-on activities. The students will learn the substitution method of checking answers.
Students will engage in an activity that allows them to explore the different parts of percents: part, whole, and percent, and develop conceptual understanding of percents through the Concrete, Representational, Abstract (CRA) method of instruction.
Working with Literal Equations
The lesson will provide a conceptual basis for illustrating the parallelism between solving multi-step equations and translating literal equations into solutions for specified variables.
Exploring Number Sense
Students will use manipulatives and a number path to identify numbers one less than or more than a given number.
How Does the Cookie Crumble?
Students will self-discover how to multiply mixed numbers by using background knowledge of estimation, computations, and real world application of a recipe.
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Related to the Unit
In fifth grade, students will be able to multiply and divide whole numbers, which will lead into multiplication and division of decimals in sixth grade. That same year, they will model products and quotients of decimals to the hundredths place. This concrete model will lead them to a better understanding of the algorithm in fifth and sixth grade.
As fifth graders, students will model multiplication and division of a fraction and a whole number. The following year, students are expected to multiply and divide all types of fractions.
In addition, during sixth grade, students are introduced to integers (negative whole numbers) and will be able to model and solve all operations with integers. All of the skills previously stated will lead students to be able to perform all operations of rational numbers without models (positive and negative fractions, decimals, and whole numbers) in seventh grade.
Click below to learn more about the TEKS related to this unit. The highlighted standards have been chosen for this research lesson.
Given scatterplots that represent problem situations, the student will determine if the data has strong vs weak correlation as well as positive, negative, or no correlation.
Making Predictions and Critical Judgments (Table/Verbal)
Given verbal descriptions and tables that represent problem situations, the student will make predictions for real-world problems.
Collecting Data and Making Predictions
Given an experimental situation, the student will write linear functions that provide a reasonable fit to data to estimate the solutions and make predictions.
Writing Expressions to Model Patterns (Table/Pictorial → Symbolic)
Given a pictorial or tabular representation of a pattern and the value of several of their terms, the student will write a formula for the nth term of a sequences.
Quadratics: Connecting Roots, Zeros, and x-Intercepts
Given a quadratic equation, the student will make connections among the solutions (roots) of the quadratic equation, the zeros of their related functions, and the horizontal intercepts (x-intercepts) of the graph of the function.
Applying the Laws of Exponents: Verbal/Symbolic
Given verbal and symbolic descriptions of problems involving exponents, the student will simplify the expressions using the laws of exponents.
Using the Laws of Exponents to Solve Problems
Given problem situations involving exponents, the student will use the laws of exponents to solve the problems.
Formulating Systems of Equations (Verbal → Symbolic)
Given verbal descriptions of situations involving systems of linear equations the student will analyze the situations and formulate systems of equations in two unknowns to solve problems.